Insomnia - Diagnosis & Self-Tests
If you think you may have insomnia, ask yourself the following questions:
- Do you wake up during the night and find that you cannot fall back asleep?
- Do you lie in bed, tossing and turning for hours each night?
- Do you dread going to bed because you feel like you never get a good night’s sleep?
- Do you wake up feeling unrefreshed after sleeping?
- Does the problem occur even though you have the opportunity and the time to get a good night’s sleep?
If you answered “yes” to any of the above questions, then you may have insomnia.
If you’ve had insomnia for more than three weeks (chronic insomnia), consider booking an appointment with a board certified sleep physician at an AASM Accredited Sleep Center. If you have had insomnia for fewer than three weeks, you may have acute or temporary insomnia. Try to follow good sleep hygiene, and if the problem does not go away before three weeks talk to a sleep physician.
A board-certified sleep physician can help to diagnose and work with the sleep team to treat your insomnia. Before your appointment, the doctor will ask you to keep a sleep diary for two weeks. By recording when you go to sleep and when you wake up, along with how long you were awake during the night, a sleep diary will help your sleep medicine physician see your habits. This may give your physicians clues about what is causing your insomnia and what course of treatment to take.
The board-certified sleep physician will need to know your medical history and whether you are taking any medications, including over-the-counter drugs. He will also want to know whether anything else has happened in your life, such as any event that is causing stress or trauma. The physician may give you a written test to analyze your mental and emotional well being. You may also receive a blood test if the physician suspects a related medical problem is causing insomnia.
You will not need an overnight sleep study unless the board-certified sleep medicine physician suspects you have sleep apnea or another sleep disorder.