Insomnia - Overview and Facts
Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint. It occurs when you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep or do not feel refreshed in the morning even though you had the opportunity to get a full night of sleep. The causes, symptom and severity of insomnia vary from person to person. Insomnia may include:
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Difficulty staying asleep throughout the night
- Waking up too early in the morning
- Poor quality of sleep, or feeling tired in the morning
The effects of insomnia can impact nearly every aspect of your life. Studies show that insomnia negatively affects work performance, impairs decision-making and can damage relationships. In most cases, people with insomnia report a worse overall quality of life.
As many as 30 percent of adults complain of insomnia.Everyone has the occasional night of poor sleep. In many cases this is due to staying up too late or waking up too early. This does not mean you have insomnia, it means you didn’t get enough sleep.
Anyone may have insomnia. As many as 30 percent of adults complain of insomnia. It is more common in groups such as older adults, women, people under stress and people with certain medical and mental health problems such as depression.
There are two types of insomnia based on duration. Acute insomnia is more common than chronic insomnia:
- Acute Insomnia: This type of insomnia lasts for a short time – from several nights up to three weeks – and goes away on its on without treatment.
- Chronic Insomnia: Insomnia that lasts more than three weeks is classified as chronic insomnia. Nearly 1 in 10 people have chronic insomnia, which often requires some form of treatment to go away.
A board certified sleep medicine physician diagnoses chronic insomnia. The physician and his sleep team can provide ongoing care.